Electrostatics



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Contents

Concept of Charges


Description: Charge is a fundamental property of matter, with positive and negative types, interacting through electromagnetic force, essential in physics.


Quantization of Charges


Description: Quantization of charge states that charge comes in discrete packets, multiples of the elementary charge.


Electrification and Coulombs law


Description: Coulomb's law quantifies the force between charged particles, stating it's directly proportional to product of charges and inversely to distance squared.


Electric Field


Description: The electric field represents the force experienced by a charged object due to other charges in its surroundings.


Electric Dipole


Description: An electric dipole consists of two opposite charges separated by a distance, generating a dipole moment and an electric field.


Gauss's Law


Description: Gauss's law states that the total electric flux through a closed surface is proportional to the enclosed electric charge.


Electric Field and Infinite Plane Sheet


Description: An infinite charged plane creates a uniform electric field perpendicular to its surface, unaffected by distance from the plane.


Electric Field and Spherical Charged Shell


Description: A charged spherical shell creates an electric field like that of a point charge outside the shell and zero inside it.


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