Chemistry Volume-6(Inorganic Chemistry)



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Contents

Group 15 elements


Description: Group 15 elements, pnictogens, include nitrogen and phosphorus, with five valence electrons, exhibiting varied oxidation states and forming diverse compounds.


Sulphuric Acid & Group 17 Elements


Description: Group 17 elements, halogens, are highly reactive nonmetals with seven valence electrons, forming salts and exhibiting various oxidation states.


Transition Elements


Description: Transition elements are d-block metals with partially filled d-orbitals, exhibiting variable oxidation states and forming colored compounds.


Magnetic & Colour Nature of Transition elements


Description: Transition elements are often colored due to d-d electron transitions and can exhibit magnetic properties due to unpaired electrons.


lanthanides and actinides


Description: Lanthinides and actinides are f-block elements, known for their high reactivity, complex electron configurations, and diverse oxidation states.


Concept of Magnetic Moment


Description: Magnetic moment in transition elements arises from unpaired d-electrons, influencing their paramagnetic or ferromagnetic properties, measurable in Bohr magnetons.


Theories & Nomenclature of Coordination Compounds


Description: Coordination compound theories include Werner's theory and Crystal Field Theory; nomenclature follows IUPAC rules, detailing ligands and metal centers.


Structure of Coordination Compounds


Description: Coordination compounds have central metal ions bonded to surrounding ligands, forming geometries like octahedral, tetrahedral, or square planar structures.


Characteristics of Coordination Compounds


Description: Coordination compounds exhibit unique colors, variable oxidation states, magnetic properties, and catalytic abilities, due to metal-ligand interactions.


Valence Bond Theory


Description: Valence Bond Theory explains chemical bonding as overlap of atomic orbitals between atoms, forming covalent bonds based on electron sharing.


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